Cambodia Information

Cambodia

Archaeological evidence indicate that parts of the region now called Cambodia were inhabited during the first and second millennia B.C by the poeple having a neolithic culcure. by the first cencury  A.D , the inhabitants had developed relatively stable , organized societies, which had far surpassed the primitive stage in culture and technical skills .The khmer who now populate Cambodia may have migrated from southeastern china to indochinese Peninsulabefore the first century A.D . They are believed to have arrived before their present Vietnamese ,Thailand , Lao neighbors.

An ancient name is Kambuja in the year 802 AD Jayavarman II declared himself king making the beginning of Khmer Empire for over 600 years allowing successive kings to dominate much of southeast asia and accumulate immense power and wealth .

*French Colonial Indochina
France gained colonial control of much of mainland Southeast Asia beginning in the 1860, first taking portions of Cochin-china (southern Vietnam,) after that Cambodia and the remainder of Vietnam and Laos, finally coalescing in 1887 into a federation of protectorates called French Indochina. Cambodia first came into the French sphere in 1863. Seeking assistance fending off Siam and Vietnam, and under pressure from France, Cambodian King Norodom signed a Protectorate agreement with France in August 1863. On French encouragement, the seat of government was officially moved from Oudong to Phnom Penh in 1866. It was only then that the city first began to take on the appearance of modern Phnom Penh. The first modern stone structure to be built was the Royal Palace, opening in 1870. Soon thereafter the first stone 'Chinese shophouse-style’ buildings were constructed, initially appearing along the riverside near the Palace. The shophouse design is present across Southeast Asia and ubiquitous in Phnom Penh, characterized by rows of a deep, narrow apartment made up of a combined ground-floor businessfront and upstairs residence 1880, early colonial buildings clustered near Wat Phnom but most of the rest of the city was a swampy place of wooden and bamboo buildings. In the 1880/90 fires periodically swept through sections of town, capped by the Great Fire of May 1894. After that brick and cement became the standard for new buildings. The 1890 saw an expanding population (50,000) and accelerated development including draining wetlands, constructing canals and bridges, expanding the Grand Rue along the river and the addition of several buildings such as the Post Office and Treasury Building which still exist today. The city stretched from the French Quarter around Wat Phnom south to Sihanouk Blvd, most squeezed within a few hundred meters of the river.

 

Cambodia Fact File

Cambodia , Kampuchea, Khmer  officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. With a total landmass of 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 sq mi), it is bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.

With a population of over 15 million, Cambodia is the most populous country in the world. The official religion is Theravada Buddhism, which is practiced by approximately 95% of the Cambodian population (3% Moslem , 2% Christian ).  The country's minority groups include Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams and 30 hill tribes.The capital is Phnom Penh, the political, economic, and cultural center of Cambodia. The Major city : Siem Reap (Gateway to the temple of Angkor Wat ), Sihanoukville ( Port and beach town ), Battambang , Kompong Cham . Major rivers/Lakes; Tonle sap lake , Mekong river ,  The kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with Norodom Sihamoni, a monarch chosen by the Royal Throne Council, as head of state. The head of government is Hun Sen, who is currently the longest serving leader in South East Asia and has ruled Cambodia for over 30 years.

Cambodia Climate

The middle of the hot season is from late Fabruary to May or June when the monsoon season start . Mid day temperatures average around 30-35C . Cambodia has 4 season : 1) November-february , Cool/dry , 2) : March -May , Hot/dry , 3): June-August , Hot/wet , 4): September-October , Cool/wet . The hottest season is 35-40C . The temple are also less touristed during the wet season .

 

ADDRESS

Address: #19 National Road 6, Siem Reap, Kingdom of Cambodia

Tel: +855 89 51 55 66

Tel: +855 86 64 88 99

Email: sothea.phirun@gmail.com

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